This brief is one of a series of findings briefs
documenting disparities in geographic access to health
services for ZIP code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) containing
a high proportion of minoritized racial/ethnic residents.
The brief looks at the availability of dialysis providers
in minoritized racial/ethnic areas.
Within rural ZCTAs, median distance to the nearest
dialysis facility ranged from 10.5 miles for top
non-Hispanic Black ZCTAs to 18.9 miles for top American
Indian/Alaska Native ZCTAs. Rural ZCTAs for top
non-Hispanic White residents were a median of 16.6 miles
from the nearest dialysis facility.
Within urban ZCTAs, median distance to the nearest
dialysis facility was 1.4 miles for non-Hispanic Asian
ZCTAs and 8.9 miles for the top American Indian/Alaska
Native ZCTAs. However, among urban ZCTAs, non-Hispanic
White ZCTAs had the greatest median distance of 10.1
Across all ZCTAs, rural locations had a median distance of 14.3 miles to care versus 4.3 miles for urban ZCTAs.
The more remote the ZCTA the greater the median
distance to care. Distance increases from 16.0 miles in
Level 1 Frontier & remote (FAR) Area Designations to 32.3
miles in Level 4 FAR areas versus 12.2 miles for
“All other” rural ZCTAs.
Rural and Minority Health Research Center
Janice Probst, Peiyin Hung, Gabriel Benavidez, Abbey Hunter, Jan Eberth