Peiyin Hung, MSPH

University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center

Email: hungx068@umn.edu


Publications - (19)

  • Birth Volume and the Quality of Care in Rural Hospitals
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 2014
    Evaluates obstetric care quality in low-, medium-, and high-volume areas by using hospital discharge data.
  • Closure of Hospital Obstetric Services Disproportionately Affects Less-Populated Counties
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 04/2017
    This policy brief describes the scope of obstetric unit and hospital closures resulting in loss of obstetric services in rural U.S. counties from 2004 to 2014.
  • Ensuring Access to High-Quality Maternity Care in Rural America
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2016
    Examines the access to high-quality for rural women care during pregnancy and childbirth. Policy interventions at the local, state, and federal levels could help to address maternity care workforce shortages and improve quality of care available to the one-half million rural U.S. women who give birth each year.
  • Factors Associated with High-Risk Rural Women Giving Birth in Non-NICU Hospital Settings
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 07/2016
    Identifies rick factors for childbirth in facilities without neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) capacities among high-risk rural women. The study found that rural women with preterm birthday and multiple gestation pregnancies were less likely to give birth in a hospital with NICU capacity if no local hospital had this capacity.
  • Identifying Adverse Drug Events in Rural Hospitals: An Eight-State Study
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2017
    Analyzes the prevalence of Adverse Drug Events (ADEs) in rural hospitals, including both CAHs and rural PPS hospitals, related to four categories of drugs: steroids, antibiotics, opiates / narcotics, and anticoagulants in 2013 for eight states. It also examines whether or not these hospitals' ADE rates varied based on hospital characteristics.
  • Location of Childbirth for Rural Women: Implications for Maternal Levels of Care
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2016
    This study looks into the rate at which rural women give birth at nonlocal hospitals. Approximately 75% of rural women gave birth at local hospitals. However, after controlling for clinical complications, rural Medicaid beneficiaries were less likely to give birth at nonlocal hospitals, implying a potential access challenge for this population.
  • Minimum Distance Requirements Could Harm High-Performing CAHs and Rural Communities
    North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 04/2015
    Compares the effect of location on critical access hospitals’ size, quality of care, and financial strength. Discusses implications of minimum distance requirements on critical access hospitals.
  • Nurse Staffing Levels and Quality of Care in Rural Nursing Homes
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 01/2015

    Current federal minimum staffing levels for certified nursing homes require one RN for at least eight hours per day, seven days per week, and one licensed nurse (RN or LPN) on duty the rest of the time. State minimum staffing level requirements for nursing facilities vary considerably. Consequently, nurse skill mix and nurse staffing levels per resident may vary significantly across facilities, making it important to consider these variables.

    The purpose of this study was examine the relationship between nurse staffing levels and care quality in rural nursing homes, and to assess potential differences between hospital-based and freestanding rural nursing homes.

  • Resources to Reduce Adverse Drug Events in Rural Hospitals
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2017
    This policy brief provides resources that could be used to decrease Adverse Drug Events (ADEs) in rural hospitals.
  • Rural Implications of Expanded Birth Volume Threshold for Reporting Perinatal Care Measures
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 04/2016
    In 2016 the minimum annual birth volume threshold for required reporting of the Joint Commission Perinatal Care measures by accredited hospitals decreased from 1,100 to 300 births. This study used the publicly available Join Commission Quality Check data from April 2014 to March 2015.
  • The Rural Obstetric Workforce in US Hospitals: Challenges and Opportunities
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 03/2015
    Describes the healthcare and clinician types who are delivering babies in rural hospitals, such as family physicians, general surgeons, obstetricians, and midwives. Discusses the relationship between hospital birth volume and staffing models.
  • Rural Women Delivering Babies in Non-Local Hospitals: Differences by Rurality and Insurance Status
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 06/2015

    This policy brief describes the extent to which rural pregnant women give birth in non-local hospitals, and to analyze current patterns of non-local delivery by rural women's health insurance status and residential rurality.

    Key Findings:

    • In nine geographically-diverse states with substantial rural populations, 25.4% of rural pregnant women delivered their babies in non-local hospitals in 2010 and 2012.
    • Rural women living in more densely populated rural areas were less likely to give birth in a non-local hospital (19.5%) than those in less densely populated rural areas, either next to a metropolitan area (35.9%) or not (33.7%).
    • Privately-insured rural women were more likely to give birth in non-local hospitals than rural women who were covered by Medicaid (28.6% vs. 22.5%).
    • Rural women with Medicaid coverage were more likely than privately-insured women to deliver their babies in a hospital where more than half of all births were covered by Medicaid (63.8% vs. 36.7%).
  • Rural-Urban Differences in Obstetric Care 2002-2010 and Implications for the Future
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 01/2014
    Measures obstetric care in both rural and urban hospitals to find if trends differ from rural and urban hospital locations.
  • State Variability in Access to Hospital-Based Obstetric Services in Rural US Counties
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 04/2017
    This policy brief describes state-level variations in 1) the availability of hospital-based obstetric services, and 2) the scope of obstetric unit and hospital closures resulting in the loss of obstetric services in rural U.S. counties from 2004 to 2014.
  • State Variations in the Rural Obstetric Workforce
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2016
    Many types of staff are necessary to successfully run an obstetrics unit. Rural hospitals face unique staffing challenges. This policy brief describes the obstetric workforce in rural hospitals by state for nine states: Colorado, Iowa, Kentucky, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Vermont, Washington, and Wisconsin.
  • The Practice of Midwifery in Rural US Hospitals
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 07/2016
    Analyzes the role of certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) in providing maternity care in rural US hospitals and to examine state-level variations on rural CNM practice. CNMs play an important role in the maternity care workforce in rural US hospitals.
  • The Use of Hospitalists by Small Rural Hospitals: Results of a National Survey
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 06/2014
    Examines reasons for using hospitalists, characteristics of hospitalist practices, and the impacts of hospitalist use in rural settings.
  • Which Rural and Urban Hospitals Have Received Readmission Penalties Over Time?
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 10/2015
    The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ (CMS) Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program reduces Medicare payments for hospitals determined to have “excess” rates of patient readmissions for specific conditions. The purpose of this project was to assess rural-urban differences in the proportion of hospitals that received penalties under the Readmissions Reduction Program over time, and whether condition-specific hospital readmission rates differed for rural and urban hospitals.
  • Why Are Obstetric Units in Rural Hospitals Closing Their Doors?
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 08/2016
    Analyzes the reasons behind hospital- and county-level factors for rural obstetric unit closures.