This brief is one of a series of findings briefs
documenting disparities in geographic access to health
services for ZIP code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) containing
a high proportion of minoritized racial/ethnic group
(MRG) residents. This report looks at the availability of
hospital-based emergency department and trauma services
at the ZCTA level.
The median distance to the nearest emergency
department in rural ZCTAs with a top proportion of
minoritized groups was 16.2 miles compared to 3.9 miles
for urban ZCTAs of the same classification. Similarly,
rural MRG ZCTAs were a median of 25.6 miles from trauma
services versus 6.4 miles for urban MRG ZCTAs.
Within rural ZCTAs, the ZCTAs at the top of the
distribution for minoritized populations were slightly
farther from an emergency department (median of 16.2
miles versus 13.4 miles for other ZCTAs). Similarly, MRG
ZCTAs were slightly more distant from a trauma center
than white/all other ZCTAs, a median of 25.6 miles versus
23.6 miles respectively.
Rural and Minority Health Research Center
Nabil Natafgi, Peiyin Hung, Whitney Zahnd, Melinda Merrell, Gabriel Benavidez, Oyeleye Oyesode, Nicholas Yell, Oluranti Babalola, Elizabeth Crouch, Janice Probst, Jan Eberth