Availability of Healthcare Infrastructure in Minoritized Racial/Ethnic Groups

Research center:
Lead researcher:
Project funded:
September 2020
Anticipated completion date:
March 2022

In both rural and urban areas, prior research has documented shortages of key health care facilities in areas where a significant proportion of the population identify as African American, American Indian/Alaska Native, Hispanic, or as a member of another minoritized racial/ethnic group. This analysis will compare the likelihood that selected healthcare infrastructure elements, including hospitals, primary care services, long-term care, behavioral health services, and home health are available within rural and urban ZIP Code Tabulation Areas that contain versus do not contain a high proportion of minoritized racial/ethnic residents.


  • The Problem of the Color Line: Place, Race, and Access to Health Care in America
    Rural and Minority Health Research Center
    Date: 02/2022
    Using ZIP Code Tabulation Area boundaries and associated rural-urban commuting area codes, urban and rural places with the largest share of minoritized racial and ethnic groups were identified. A StoryMap was then created to illustrate disparities experienced based on where Indigenous populations and people of color reside spatially.