Maternal health

Completed Projects

Listed by project completion date. You can also view these projects alphabetically.

2020

2019

  • Developing Rural-Relevant Strategies to Reduce Maternal Morbidity
    The purpose of this project was to distinguish and analyze predictors of maternal morbidity during childbirth hospitalization by geography and to develop recommendations to improve the safety of childbirth for rural residents. It also assessed the degree of rural focus and representation in current policy efforts to address this crisis.
    Research center: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Health disparities and health equity, Health services, Healthcare access, Hospitals and clinics, Legislation and regulation, Maternal health, Quality, Women

2018

  • Rural-Urban Differences in Opioid-Affected Pregnancies and Births
    This analysis aimed to combat the opioid epidemic in rural communities by describing the rates and predictors of non-medical opioid use prior to and during pregnancy and maternal diagnosis of opioid use disorder at birth, based on rural or urban maternal residence and rural or urban hospital location.
    Research center: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Maternal health, Substance use and treatment, Women

2017

  • Are Rural Mothers and Infants Benefiting from Changes in National Women, Infants and Children (WIC) Policy?
    This study explored breastfeeding practices among rural participants in the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) Program before and after a federal policy change in WIC Food Packages. National Food and Nutrition Survey data was used to examine the potential impact on breastfeeding, infant feeding practices, and food/beverage consumption.
    Research center: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Children and adolescents, Maternal health, Poverty, Women

2016

2014

  • Obstetric Care Practice Models and Quality in Rural Hospitals
    The project will examine current obstetric practice models in rural hospitals and assess the prospects for implementation of new policy recommendations for reducing primary cesarean rates and non-medically indicated inductions of labor in rural hospitals.
    Research center: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Maternal health, Quality

2013

  • Quality of Obstetric Care and Perinatal Safety in Rural Hospitals
    The project will use both national and state-level hospital discharge data to examine obstetric care quality and perinatal safety in rural U.S. hospitals, with an in-depth focus on rural hospitals in a nationally representative group of eight states across all four U.S. Census regions.
    Research center: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Critical Access Hospitals, Maternal health, Women

2012

2008

  • Changes in U.S. Rural Perinatal and Infant Health Care During the Last Decade
    This study examined changes in rates of adverse birth outcomes and prenatal care among rural Americans of different racial and ethnic groups during two time periods. The study used national data from the Linked Birth Death Data Sets to assess differences in low birth weight, neonatal death, post neonatal mortality and inadequate prenatal care.
    Research center: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Children and adolescents, Health disparities and health equity, Maternal health

2006

  • Declining Access to Hospital-based Obstetric Services in Rural Areas: Causes and Impact
    This study examines the declining availability of hospital-based obstetric services in rural areas from the mid-1980s to the early 2000s. It examines potential causes for this trend and explores the effects of medical malpractice reforms.
    Research center: NORC Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis
    Topics: Hospitals and clinics, Legislation and regulation, Maternal health, Women

2005

2004

2003