This brief explores changes in geographic accessibility,
within rural ZIP codes throughout the U.S., to Federally
Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) and Rural Health Clinics
(RHCs) between 2006 and 2018. It compares changes in
access to services within rural counties that experienced
the loss of its nearest hospital to changes in access
that were experienced within rural counties that never
experienced a hospital closure.
- By 2018, over half of all rural ZIP codes
were within 30 miles of its nearest FQHC.
- By 2018, approximately 18% of rural ZIP codes were
within 30 miles of its nearest RHC.
- Compared to ZIP codes not affected by a rural
hospital closure, the affected rural ZIP codes saw an
improved access to both FQHCs and RHCs.