Both positive and adverse events that occur during
childhood and adolescence have been shown to be
associated with physical and mental health outcomes in
adulthood. This study examined whether adverse childhood
experiences (ACEs) and positive childhood experiences
(PCEs) exposure varied by race/ethnicity among rural
children. Key findings include:
There were higher rates of four or more ACEs among
racial/ethnic minority children living in rural areas.
Asian/Pacific Islander rural children had the highest
rates of three out of six ACEs: parental death,
witnessing neighborhood violence, and economic hardship.
Economic hardship was prevalent among rural children,
with 26.2% of this population experiencing economic
hardship, and over 40% of Black and Asian/Pacific
Islander children experiencing economic hardship.
There were lower rates of each type of PCE among
racial/ethnic minority rural children.
Asian/Pacific Islander children had the lowest
proportion of each of the following PCEs: after school
activities (60.5%), community volunteer (33.4%), guiding
mentor (85.7%), supportive neighborhood (34.8%), and
resilient family (80.4%).
Rural and Minority Health Research Center
Elizabeth Crouch, Sylvia Kewei Shi, Katherine Kelly, Alexander McLain, Jan Eberth, Janice Probst, Monique Brown, Melinda Merrell, Kevin Bennett