Rural-Urban Differences in Three Domains of Access to Health Care Services
Rural disparities in health care availability and accessibility have been frequently identified and quantified, and rural disparities in health care coverage have been identified as a means of operationalizing the domain of affordability. However, additional domains of health care access have been studied to a lesser extent, including other means of assessing affordability (delays in care due to cost), accommodation, and acceptability have not been frequently evaluated in population-based studies. We hypothesize that rural populations, particularly Black rural populations, will have less access to health care services as operationalized by variables available in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System health care access optional module.
Our goal is to evaluate rural-urban, racial/ethnic, and regional differences in access to care using a population-based survey through the following aims:
- To examine the rural-urban differences in affordability of health care overall and stratified by race/ethnicity.
- To assess the rural-urban differences in accommodation in health care overall and stratified by race/ethnicity.
- To determine the rural-urban differences in acceptability of health care overall and stratified by race/ethnicity.
Variations in Affordability of Health Care by Non-Metropolitan/Metropolitan and Race/Ethnicity Status across Eight Geographically Dispersed States
Rural and Minority Health Research Center
This research examined rural-urban (i.e., non-metropolitan/metropolitan) differences in affordability inclusive of insurance coverage and cost barriers. The research also examined forgoing medical care/medication and medical debt using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey data from the healthcare access optional module.