Shailendra Prasad, MBBS, MPH

University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center

Email: shailey@umn.edu

University of Minnesota
Division of Health Policy and Management
2221 University Ave SE, #350
Minneapolis, MN 55455


Publications - (25)

2020

  • Nurse Practitioner Autonomy and Complexity of Care in Rural Primary Care
    Journal Article
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 07/2020
    The increasing number of nurse practitioners (NPs) in the rural U.S. has the potential to help alleviate primary care shortages. Using a nationwide source of claims and Electronic Health Record data from 2017, this study constructs measures of NP clinical autonomy and complexity of care.
  • Rural and Urban Differences in Primary Care Pain Treatment by Clinician Type
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 04/2020
    In this brief, we compare 2017 opioid prescribing rates among physicians and nurse practitioners within primary care practices and how these differ for rural versus urban areas.

2018

2017

  • Barriers to Nursing Home Care for Nonelderly Rural Residents
    Journal Article
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 12/2017
    This study uses data from 23 semi-structured interviews with rural hospital discharge planners in five states to identify specific barriers to finding nursing home care for nonelderly rural residents. We found three primary themes—payment status, fit, and medical complexity—as well as two minor themes—caregivers and bureaucratic processes.
  • Rural-Urban Differences in Medicare Quality Outcomes and the Impact of Risk Adjustment
    Journal Article
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 09/2017
    This study examined the differences in quality of care outcomes between rural and urban Medicare beneficiaries. It concluded that rurality should be considered when discussing risk-adjustment procedures.
  • Rural-Urban Differences in Medicare Quality Scores Persist After Adjusting for Sociodemographic and Environmental Characteristics
    Journal Article
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 09/2017
    Patient sociodemographic characteristics, such as age, race, gender, income, and education, can affect health outcomes and healthcare providers' performance on quality measures. The discussion about how to tackle these issues around quality measurement haven't included rurality, but this study examines it.
  • Identifying Adverse Drug Events in Rural Hospitals: An Eight-State Study
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2017
    Analyzes the prevalence of Adverse Drug Events (ADEs) in rural hospitals, including both CAHs and rural PPS hospitals, related to four categories of drugs: steroids, antibiotics, opiates / narcotics, and anticoagulants in 2013 for eight states. It also examines whether or not these hospitals' ADE rates varied based on hospital characteristics.
  • Medical Barriers to Nursing Home Care for Rural Residents
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2017
    This policy brief describes barriers rural residents with complex medical care needs may face when seeking placement in a nursing home and identifies potential policy strategies to overcome them.
  • Resources to Reduce Adverse Drug Events in Rural Hospitals
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2017
    This policy brief provides resources that could be used to decrease Adverse Drug Events (ADEs) in rural hospitals.
  • Rural Hospital Employment of Physicians and Use of Cesareans and Nonindicated Labor Induction
    Journal Article
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 03/2017
    Findings are shared from a study that discovered the types of doctors employed at rural hospitals may make a difference in the rates of cesarean births.

2016

  • Relationship Between Hospital Policies for Labor Induction and Cesarean Delivery and Perinatal Care Quality Among Rural U.S. Hospitals
    Journal Article
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 11/2016
    This study focused on maternity care quality by taking a look at hospitals' policies regarding induced labor and Cesarean deliveries.
  • Ensuring Access to High-Quality Maternity Care in Rural America
    Journal Article
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2016
    Examines the access to high-quality for rural women care during pregnancy and childbirth. Policy interventions at the local, state, and federal levels could help to address maternity care workforce shortages and improve quality of care available to the one-half million rural U.S. women who give birth each year.
  • Location of Childbirth for Rural Women: Implications for Maternal Levels of Care
    Journal Article
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2016
    This study looks into the rate at which rural women give birth at nonlocal hospitals. Approximately 75% of rural women gave birth at local hospitals. However, after controlling for clinical complications, rural Medicaid beneficiaries were less likely to give birth at nonlocal hospitals, implying a potential access challenge for this population.
  • Quality Measures and Sociodemographic Risk Factors: The Rural Context
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2016
    This policy brief aims to inform discussions concerning whether or not to adjust provider quality measures for differences in patient characteristics by examining how rurality and key sociodemographic variables might affect quality-of-care outcomes.
  • State Variations in the Rural Obstetric Workforce
    Policy Brief
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2016
    Many types of staff are necessary to successfully run an obstetrics unit. Rural hospitals face unique staffing challenges. This policy brief describes the obstetric workforce in rural hospitals by state for nine states: Colorado, Iowa, Kentucky, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Vermont, Washington, and Wisconsin.
  • Rural Implications of Expanded Birth Volume Threshold for Reporting Perinatal Care Measures
    Journal Article
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 04/2016
    In 2016 the minimum annual birth volume threshold for required reporting of the Joint Commission Perinatal Care measures by accredited hospitals decreased from 1,100 to 300 births. This study used the publicly available Join Commission Quality Check data from April 2014 to March 2015.

2015

2014

2013

2010

  • The Effect Of Health Information Technology On Quality In U.S. Hospitals
    Journal Article
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 04/2010
    This study examines changes in quality of care following adoption of electronic health records among a national sample of U.S. hospitals from 2004 to 2007. The use of computerized physician order entry and electronic health records resulted in significant improvements in two quality measures; larger effects in academic than nonacademic hospitals.