Rural Communities: Age, Income, and Health Status

Link View Research Recap
Date 11/2018
Description While studies discuss the implications of income or age on health-seeking behavior, health status, access, or utilization of care, it is imperative to recognize what this means for older and lower-income rural communities. This Recap identifies rural disparities in age, health status, and income.
Topics Aging, Chronic diseases and conditions, Health disparities and health equity, Poverty, Rural statistics and demographics, Social determinants of health

Rural Health Research Products Included in this Recap

  • Chartbook: Trends in Rural Children's Oral Health and Access to Care
    Chartbook
    Rural and Minority Health Research Center
    Date: 08/2017
    Assessing progress at improving children’s oral health requires examining trends to see whether rural disparities, if present, are being reduced. Our report uses data from the National Survey of Children’s Health (2003, 2007, and 2011- 2012) to assess progress in access to oral health care, and perceived status of teeth among rural children.
  • Diabetes and Forgone Medical Care due to Cost in the U.S. (2011-2015): Individual-level and Place-based Disparities
    Policy Brief
    Southwest Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 08/2017
    This brief is the first in a series prepared by the Southwest Rural Health Research Center on the topic of diabetes. The two aims of this study were to identify trends in diabetes rates and forgone medical care among persons with diabetes in the U.S. and to identify geographic determinants and other social determinants of health disparities.
  • Diabetes Mortality in Rural America: 1999-2015
    Policy Brief
    Southwest Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 08/2017
    This brief is the second in a series prepared by the Southwest Rural Health Research Center on the topic of diabetes. The primary aim of this study was to understand the scope of diabetes-related mortality in urban and rural America. We analyzed mortality caused by diabetes over a 16-year period and explored the roles played by rurality and race.
  • Insuring Rural America: Health Insurance Challenges and Opportunities
    Policy Brief
    RUPRI Health Panel: Rural Policy Analysis and Applications
    Date: 07/2018
    This brief discusses a series of policy considerations in three main categories: policies related to rural insurance risk, policies related to provider networks, and policies related to rural payment rates and structures.
  • Medicaid Income Eligibility Transitions among Rural Adults
    Policy Brief
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 08/2018
    The Affordable Care Act allows Medicaid expansion to adults under 65 with income below 138% of poverty. Research suggests income shifts affecting Medicaid eligibility are common, but the rural impact is unclear. This national study examines rural and urban adults' annual income shifts above or below the Medicaid expansion eligibility threshold.
  • Regional Differences in Rural and Urban Mortality Trends
    Policy Brief
    North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center
    Date: 08/2017
    This brief explores the differences in mortality rates over time by (1) urban and rural location, (2) census division, and (3) urban and rural location within each census division.
  • Residential Settings and Healthcare Use of the Rural "Oldest-Old" Medicare Population
    Policy Brief
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 03/2018
    This study used Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey data to profile rural/urban Medicare beneficiaries ages 85 & older. Rural adults in this age group are more likely to be disabled and live alone in the community or in nursing homes and less likely to live in assisted living facilities. Findings highlight rural needs for community-based services.
  • Rural Health Snapshot (2017)
    Rapid Response to Requests for Rural Data Analysis
    Date: 05/2017
    The Rural Health Snapshot (2017) updates the 2010 Rural Health Snapshot. The document is a data sheet that compares a selection of health and healthcare access indicators for populations in rural and urban areas.