Women

Completed Projects

Listed by project completion date. You can also view these projects alphabetically.

2019

  • Developing Rural-Relevant Strategies to Reduce Maternal Morbidity
    The purpose of this project is to distinguish and analyze predictors of maternal morbidity during childbirth hospitalization by geography and to develop recommendations to improve the safety of childbirth for rural residents. It will also assess the degree of rural focus and representation in current policy efforts to address this crisis.
    Research center: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Health disparities and health equity, Health services, Healthcare access, Hospitals and clinics, Legislation and regulation, Maternal health, Quality, Women
  • Preventive Health Service Use Among Rural Residents
    Examining differences in rural-urban preventive health service use is critical to assessing the impact of health benefit design changes on access to preventive services and their use among rural and urban populations. We'll use National Health Institute Survey data to compare receipt of preventive health services among rural and urban adults.
    Research center: Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Health promotion and disease prevention, Health services, Women

2018

  • Rural-Urban Differences in Opioid-Affected Pregnancies and Births
    This analysis aims to combat the opioid epidemic in rural communities by describing the rates and predictors of non-medical opioid use prior to and during pregnancy and maternal diagnosis of opioid use disorder at birth, based on rural or urban maternal residence and rural or urban hospital location.
    Research center: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Maternal health, Substance use and treatment, Women

2017

  • Are Rural Mothers and Infants Benefitting from Changes in National Women, Infants and Children (WIC) Policy?
    This study explores breastfeeding practices among rural participants in the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) Program before and after a federal policy change in WIC Food Packages. National Food and Nutrition Survey data will be used to examine potential impact on breastfeeding, infant feeding practices, and food/beverage consumption.
    Research center: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Children and adolescents, Maternal health, Poverty, Women
  • Obstetric Unit and Hospital Closures and Maternal and Infant Health in Rural Communities
    This project will examine the relationship between closure of an obstetric unit or hospital and maternity care and outcomes of childbirth in rural US counties including prenatal care, distance to delivery hospital, out-of-hospital birth, and infant health outcomes.
    Research center: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Children and adolescents, Health services, Hospitals and clinics, Women

2016

2015

  • Rural Women Giving Birth in Non-Local Hospitals: Implications for Obstetric Access and Quality
    The purpose of this project is to: 1) analyze recent data from nine geographically diverse states on delivery by rural women at non-local hospitals; 2) characterize the roles of medical vs. non-medical factors in delivery at a non-local hospital by identifying lower-risk and higher-risk women using established criteria; and 3) analyze the relationship between delivery at a non-local hospital and obstetric quality.
    Research center: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Hospitals and clinics, Quality, Women

2013

  • Perinatal Health in the Rural United States, 2005
    This study examines perinatal outcomes in rural areas across the United States in 2005.
    Research center: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Children and adolescents, Health disparities and health equity, Women
  • Quality of Obstetric Care and Perinatal Safety in Rural Hospitals
    The project will use both national and state-level hospital discharge data to examine obstetric care quality and perinatal safety in rural U.S. hospitals, with an in-depth focus on rural hospitals in a nationally representative group of eight states across all four U.S. Census regions.
    Research center: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Critical Access Hospitals, Maternal health, Women
  • Racial and Rural Differences in Cervical Cancer Screening Practices
    The purpose of this study is to describe and compare racial and rural differences in cervical cancer screening practices using data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. The findings will inform policies to increase appropriate access to quality cancer-preventive services.
    Research center: Rural and Minority Health Research Center
    Topics: Cancer, Health promotion and disease prevention, Minority health, Women

2006

  • Declining Access to Hospital-based Obstetric Services in Rural Areas: Causes and Impact
    This study examines the declining availability of hospital-based obstetric services in rural areas from the mid-1980s to the early 2000s. It examines potential causes for this trend and explores the effects of medical malpractice reforms.
    Research center: NORC Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis
    Topics: Hospitals and clinics, Legislation and regulation, Maternal health, Women

2005

  • Poverty, Parental Stress, and Violent Disagreements in the Home Among Rural Families
    Using the National Survey of Children's Health, this study will address the prevalence of poverty, parental stress and violent disagreements in the home in rural and urban families. Associations among economic hardships, parent stress, violent disagreements in the home and mental health problems in children will also be investigated.
    Research center: Rural and Minority Health Research Center
    Topics: Children and adolescents, Poverty, Violence and abuse, Women
  • Quality of Women's Care in Rural Health Clinics: A National Analysis
    This study will analyze the rates at which women patients receive five recommended preventive screening interventions in a national, geographically stratified random sample of Rural Health Clinics. Results of the analysis will be used to derive implications for rural health policy.
    Research center: FORHP-funded Individual Grantees
    Topics: Quality, Rural Health Clinics (RHCs), Women

2004

1999

Unknown

  • The Rural/Urban Practice Location Patterns of Women Medical School Graduates
    While women are becoming an increasingly large percentage of the graduates of medical schools, they are much less likely to locate their practices in rural towns. This study involved a survey including questions about where the residents preferred to locate and how much they thought they would be practicing in the future.
    Research center: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Physicians, Women, Workforce