Substance use and treatment

Journal Articles

Listed by publication date. You can also view these publications alphabetically.


  • Rural-Urban Differences in the Decline of Adolescent Cigarette Smoking
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 03/2019
    Comparing survey data from 2008-2010 with 2014-2016, we examined change over time in cigarette smoking among rural and urban adolescents. We found that both rural and urban rates declined, but the decrease was smaller in rural counties, which widened the rural-urban gap in adolescent smoking rates.



  • Barriers Rural Physicians Face Prescribing Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 07/2017
    Opioid use disorder is a serious public health problem. Management with buprenorphine is an effective medication-assisted treatment, but 60.1% of rural counties lack a physician with a Drug Enforcement Agency waiver to prescribe buprenorphine. This national study surveyed all rural physicians who have received a waiver in the United States.



  • Problem Drinking: Rural and Urban Trends in America, 1995/1997 to 2003
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 03/2006
    Assesses the prevalence of, and recent trends in, alcohol use among adults 18 years and older in rural areas of the United States. The paper finds that heavy drinking was highest and increasing in urban areas, but that binge drinking was greater in rural areas. It recommends tailoring interventions specifically to meet the needs of rural residents.
  • Prevalence And Trends In Smoking: A National Rural Study
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 2006
    Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, the prevalence of smoking between 1994-1996 and 2000-2001 did not change substantially for the United States as a whole. The prevalence of smoking for rural residents decreased by more than 2 percent in six states. However, it increased by 2 percent or more in ten states.
  • PTSD and Substance Use: Unrecognized Sequelae of Bioterrorism in Primary Care Providers
    FORHP-funded Individual Grantees
    Date: 2006
    Study looks at rural primary care providers' knowledge of likely mental disorders, their risk factors, and preferred treatment options following a public health emergency.