Successful Implementation of Medication Safety Initiatives in Rural Hospitals: The Role of Pharmacists and Technology

Research center:
Lead researcher:
Project funded:
September 2004
Project completed:
September 2005
This project will assess the capacity of rural hospitals to implement medication safety practices that reduce the likelihood of serious adverse drug events, and identify factors that facilitate successful implementation of medication safety practices in rural hospitals. The project will focus on two key aspects of rural hospitals' capacity to implement medication safety initiatives: pharmacist staffing and the availability of technology.

This project is national in scope and will have relevance for policymaking at the federal, state and local levels. The project will include analysis of primary data from a phone survey of a national sample of rural hospitals and secondary data from the AHA Annual Survey and Area Resource File. The telephone survey will be developed based on a review of the literature on medication safety practices in hospitals and input from a rural hospital pharmacist advisory group. The survey will include questions regarding pharmacy staffing, the use of medication safety technology, and factors that have influenced successful implementation of medication safety practices in the hospital. A report on the project findings will be completed by the end of September 2005.