Southwest Rural Health Research Center
Community Health Worker Roles, Regulation and Growth in Rural America
This study looks at the role of Community Health Workers in improving access to healthcare services in rural and urban environments. Our project focuses on the growing and changing roles of these influential actors and how their responsibilities vary based on setting (hospital, clinic, community, etc.), location (rural vs. urban), and regulations.
Topics: Health disparities and health equity, Healthcare access
Disaster Planning, Preparedness, & Response for Rural Long-Term Care Providers
This project will collect and analyze data that captures how disasters affect long-term care services and patient experiences in rural areas. We will develop and pilot test long-term care provider survey, and conduct case studies of disaster-impacted, rural communities with respect to implications for long-term care services.
Topics: Emergency preparedness and response, Health disparities and health equity, Long-term care
Examining the Legal Landscape in Rural America: Implications for the Healthcare Workforce, Access to Care, and Population Health
This project explores potential rural/urban differences in the prevalence of malpractice claims, clinical privilege actions, and state licensure actions among health care providers. We will also examine whether variations in nurse practitioner scope of practice laws affect rural residents differentially, especially with respect to preventive care.
Topics: Allied health professionals, Health services, Legislation and regulation, Nurses and nurse practitioners, Workforce
How Well are We Doing Meeting Healthy People 2020 Mortality Objectives at Midterm? Rural v. Urban Differences
The purpose of this project is to conduct a midterm examination of urban versus rural disparities in meeting Healthy People 2020 mortality objectives for the top 10 leading causes of death in the U.S. utilizing existing secondary databases.
Topics: Chronic diseases and conditions, Health disparities and health equity
Malpractice Claims Among Rural and Urban Providers: Do State Telehealth Laws Make a Difference?
This project examines trends in state telehealth laws and whether they have affected the rural and urban malpractice environments differentially. Data from the National Practitioner Data Bank are used to determine whether changes in telehealth laws are associated with increased malpractice claims and other adverse actions against providers.
Topics: Allied health professionals, Legislation and regulation, Nurses and nurse practitioners, Telehealth, Workforce
Quality Measures for Skilled Nursing Care in Rural Swing Beds: What Works and What Doesn't?
This project will provide a systematic review of skilled nursing facility quality measures and how these measures apply to skilled nursing facility-level care provided in rural swing beds in both critical access hospitals and prospective payment system hospitals.
Topics: Hospitals and clinics, Long-term care, Medicare Prospective Payment System (PPS)
Rural Versus Urban Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence
This project will determine rural-urban disparities in the prevalence of intimate partner violence-related hospitalizations using a national representative sample of hospital admissions for the period between 2009-2014 using data from the national Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project.
Topics: Health disparities and health equity, Violence and abuse, Women
Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) 2009 Food Package Revisions on Participants in Rural Areas with Extreme Poverty Levels: Impact on Infant Breastfeeding, Infant Feeding, and Health Outcomes
This study examines the effects of the revised Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program food packages on breastfeeding rates among WIC participants in areas designated as rural, with high levels of extreme poverty and food deserts, and/or high rates of those who are overweight and obese.
Topics: Children and adolescents, Maternal health, Poverty, Women