Southwest Rural Health Research Center
Examining the Legal Landscape in Rural America: Implications for the Healthcare Workforce, Access to Care, and Population Health
This project explores potential rural/urban differences in the prevalence of malpractice claims, clinical privilege actions, and state licensure actions among health care providers. We will also examine whether variations in nurse practitioner scope of practice laws affect rural residents differentially, especially with respect to preventive care.
Topics: Allied health professionals, Health services, Legislation and regulation, Nurses and nurse practitioners, Workforce
Malpractice Claims Among Rural and Urban Providers: Do State Telehealth Laws Make a Difference?
This project examines trends in state telehealth laws and whether they have affected the rural and urban malpractice environments differentially. Data from the National Practitioner Data Bank are used to determine whether changes in telehealth laws are associated with increased malpractice claims and other adverse actions against providers.
Topics: Allied health professionals, Legislation and regulation, Nurses and nurse practitioners, Telehealth, Workforce
Quality Measures for Skilled Nursing Care in Rural Swing Beds: What Works and What Doesn't?
This project will provide a systematic review of skilled nursing facility quality measures and how these measures apply to skilled nursing facility-level care provided in rural swing beds in both critical access hospitals and prospective payment system hospitals.
Topics: Hospitals and clinics, Long-term care, Medicare Prospective Payment System (PPS)
Rural/Urban Differences in Chronic Diseases and Delay of Needed Care
This project examines rural versus urban differences in the prevalence, incidence, stage, and severity of several chronic diseases, including heart disease, stroke, and selected cancers. There is a focus on delayed access to needed care and whether rural residents present later and with more advanced disease states.
Topics: Cancer, Chronic diseases and conditions, Health disparities and health equity
Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) 2009 Food Package Revisions on Participants in Rural Areas with Extreme Poverty Levels: Impact on Infant Breastfeeding, Infant Feeding, and Health Outcomes
This study examines the effects of the revised Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program food packages on breastfeeding rates among WIC participants in areas designated as rural, with high levels of extreme poverty and food deserts, and/or high rates of those who are overweight and obese.
Topics: Children and adolescents, Maternal health, Poverty, Women