Poverty

Research Products & Journal Articles

Browse the full list of research publications on this topic completed by the Rural Health Research Centers.

Products – Freely accessible products include policy briefs, fact sheets, full reports, chartbooks, and interactive data websites.

Journal Articles – Articles in peer-reviewed journals may require a subscription or affiliation with a subscribing library. For these publications, Gateway lists the article citation, a brief summary, a link to additional information and access to the full-text of the article, if available.

2021

2015

  • Dentist Supply, Dental Care Utilization, and Oral Health Among Rural and Urban U.S. Residents
    Report
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2015
    Residents of non-metropolitan counties were less likely than those in metropolitan counties to report having dental visits or teeth cleanings in the last year and more likely to report undergoing tooth extractions. These findings persisted even when controlling for demographic factors, income, insurance, and health/smoking status.

2014

  • The 2014 Update of the Rural-Urban Chartbook
    Chartbook
    North Dakota and NORC Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
    Date: 10/2014
    This chartbook includes trends and disparities in urban/rural health. Reports on population characteristics include age, race and ethnicity, and poverty; risk factors such as smoking, alcohol use, and obesity; mortality data; health status measures such as adolescent births and total tooth loss; healthcare access/use; and mental health measures.

2006

  • Premium Assistance Programs for Low Income Families: How Well Does it Work in Rural Areas?
    North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center
    Date: 01/2006
    This paper reports the results of a study on the viability in rural areas of premium assistance programs use Medicaid or State Children's Health Insurance funding to subsidize the premium costs of employer-sponsored insurance or private non-group policies for eligible individuals.

2005

  • The Impact of Welfare Reform on Health Insurance Coverage in Rural Areas
    Policy Brief
    RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
    Date: 12/2005
    This policy brief explores the impact of welfare reform on the health insurance coverage of welfare recipients and other low-income persons during the period when the reform was phased in.
  • Trends in Uninsurance Among Rural Minority Children
    Rural and Minority Health Research Center
    Date: 10/2005
    Using 21 years of data from the National Health Interview Survey to explore trends in health insurance and health services utilization for children between 1980 and 2001, the authors found that rural children have been consistently less likely to have insurance than urban children, and minority status adds to the disparity.
  • The Impact of Medicaid Cuts on Rural Communities
    North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center
    Date: 08/2005
    This study assesses the perception of state Medicaid staff and individuals from State Offices of Rural Health (SORH) and Rural Health Associations (RHA) regarding the impact on rural areas of state Medicaid policy changes that occurred between 2002 and 2004.
  • Poverty, Stress, and Violent Disagreements in the Home Among Rural Families
    Rural and Minority Health Research Center
    Date: 08/2005
    This study used information from a large, nationally representative telephone survey of households with children, carried out by the National Center for Health Statistics, to explore the prevalence of violent disagreements in the home.
  • The Effects of Rural Residence and Other Social Vulnerabilities on Subjective Measures of Unmet Need
    North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center
    Date: 2005
    Are self-reports of unmet need a biased measure of access to healthcare? We examined the relationship between rural residence and perceived need for physician services and the likelihood of reporting a need for routine preventive care and/or specialty care using data from the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs.

2004

  • Access to Dental Care for Rural Low Income and Minority Populations
    University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 09/2004
    Using data from the 1999 National Health Interview Survey, this study examines the relationships between rural residence, income, race/ethnicity, and access to dental care.
  • Assessing the Effect of a Lay Home Visitation Program for Rural High-Risk Women and Infants
    Rural and Minority Health Research Center
    Date: 2004
    This study tested a retrospective data set approach for evaluating the effectiveness of a community health worker program to improve pregnancy and birth outcomes. The program uses lay health workers to provide health education, referral, and social support to rural, low income, Medicaid-insured pregnant African-American women and their infants.

2003

2002

1999

1998