Mary Wakefield, PhD, RN


Publications - (13)

  • Assessment of Proposals for a Medicare Outpatient Prescription Drug Benefit: The Rural Perspective
    RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
    Date: 01/2003
    This Policy Paper assesses legislative proposals to add an outpatient prescription drug benefit to the Medicare program and their implications for the delivery of services and the welfare of beneficiaries in rural areas. Report produced by the RUPRI Rural Health Panel.
  • Designing a Prescription Drug Benefit for Rural Medicare Beneficiaries: Principles, Criteria, and Assessment
    Maine Rural Health Research Center, RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
    Date: 08/2000
    The purpose of this paper is to offer a rural perspective on the current debate over the design and implementation of a Medicare prescription drug benefit. Background information on rural Medicare beneficiaries' need for, and access to, prescription drugs is provided, along with a set of rural-oriented principles for use in evaluating how different prescription drug proposals may meet the needs of rural beneficiaries. Report produced by the RUPRI Rural Health Panel.
  • The Impact of Health Insurance Coverage on Native Elder Health: Implications for Addressing the Health Care Needs of Rural Native American Elders
    Upper Midwest Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 10/2007
    Examines health insurance coverage and access to healthcare among American Indian and Alaska Native elders (Native elders) -- defined as 55 years or older. Young elders, 55 to 64 years of age, are most likely to be uninsured with one-third reporting having no insurance, while 15% of older elders, 65 years of age and over, report they are uninsured. Uninsured Native elders are about twice as likely as insured Native elders to indicate they have no regular provider. In addition, one out of 10 Native elders report they were not able to get care when they needed it during the preceding 12 months. Reasons cited for not getting healthcare when it was needed included long waiting times, transportation problems, and cost. The authors conclude it is essential to develop policies that address the financial, geographical, and cultural aspects that negatively impact access to culturally appropriate healthcare. Full report available on request by contacting the Center.
  • Implementing Patient Safety Initiatives in Rural Hospitals: An Evaluation of the Tennessee Rural Hospital Patient Safety Demonstration
    Upper Midwest Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 08/2007
    The Tennessee Rural Hospital Patient Safety Demonstration project included: 1) the implementation of three patient safety initiatives in eight rural Tennessee hospitals using a collaborative model and 2) an evaluation of the process and tools used in the implementation to inform future rural patient safety initiatives. Staff from the Tennessee Hospital Association, Q-Source (the state quality improvement organization), BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee and the University of Southern Maine all provided technical assistance and resources to the hospitals. The Upper Midwest Rural Health Research Center evaluated the project. Executive summary available online. Full report available on request by contacting raasc001@umn.edu.
  • Improving Prescription Drug Coverage for Rural Medicare Beneficiaries: Key Rural Considerations and Objectives for Legislative Proposals
    Maine Rural Health Research Center, RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
    Date: 06/2000
    This Policy Paper combines the work from current projects of the Maine Rural Health Research Center (MRHRC) and the Rural Health Panel of the Rural Policy Research Institute (RUPRI) to provide a statement of specific rural considerations and objectives for any proposal that would add a prescription drug benefit to the Medicare program. Our intent is to establish a framework for assessing the effects of proposals on rural beneficiaries. Report produced by the RUPRI Rural Health Panel.
  • North Dakota Health Care Workforce: Planning Together to Meet Future Health Care Needs
    Upper Midwest Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 01/2007
    Policy brief which details strategies for addressing health workforce needs in North Dakota. Includes examples of state health workforce pipeline strategies used in other states.
  • Prevalence of Chronic Disease Among American Indian and Alaska Native Elders
    Upper Midwest Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 10/2005
    Examines chronic disease prevalence and functional limitations among American Indian/Alaska Natives by rurality, gender, age, health care access, and health behaviors. Includes policy recommendations.
  • Prioritizing Patient Safety Interventions in Small Rural Hospitals
    Maine Rural Health Research Center, Upper Midwest Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 12/2006
    Determines if 26 patient safety practices recommended by an expert panel as relevant to rural hospitals would be validated in terms of rural relevance and implementability by administrators and quality managers. This research was supported by funding from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the Office of Rural Health Policy.
  • Redesigning Medicare: Considerations for Rural Beneficiaries and Health Systems
    RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
    Date: 02/2001
    Provides a framework to help shape proposals to redesign Medicare to the benefit of rural beneficiaries and providers. Chapters focus on equity, quality, choice, access, and cost. Each chapter outlines the current situation, analyzes the implications of various approaches to changing the program, and makes recommendations for developing a Medicare program of greatest benefit to rural residents. Report produced by the RUPRI Rural Health Panel.
  • Redesigning the Medicare Program: An Opportunity to Improve Rural Health Care Systems?
    RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
    Date: 08/2000
    With this paper, the RUPRI Rural Health Panel is presenting a well-defined framework for what should be included in any discussion of Medicare policies.
  • Rural Assessment of Leading Proposals to Redesign the Medicare Program
    RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
    Date: 05/2000
    This Policy Paper provides a critique of two proposals to redesign the Medicare program: the "Medicare Preservation and Improvement Act of 1999" (S. 1895, introduced by Senator Breaux and others) and "The President's Plan to Modernize and Strengthen Medicare for the 21st Century." Rural implications of the proposals are discussed, specifically how they affect rural Medicare beneficiaries and rural providers of health care services. Report produced by the RUPRI Rural Health Panel.
  • A Rural Healthcare Quality Agenda
    Upper Midwest Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 09/2006
    An editorial that highlights aspects of the Institute of Medicines' report "Quality Through Collaboration: The Future of Rural Health," known as the "rural report." The editorial serves as an introduction to the journal's special issue on healthcare quality in rural health.
  • Understanding the Impacts of the Medicare Modernization Act: Concerns of Congressional Staff
    Maine Rural Health Research Center, RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis, Upper Midwest Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 2005
    The most efficient mechanism for research to affect policy is to provide policy makers with information on issues about which they have voiced concern. The Rural Policy Research Institute's Health Panel conducted 2 focus groups with 16 congressional staff in 2004 to identify a set of researchable questions concerning rural healthcare.