Background: Women comprise increasing proportions of
medical school graduates. They tend to choose primary
care but are less likely than men to choose rural
Methods: This study used American Medical Association
masterfile data on 1988-1996 medical school graduates to
identify the US medical schools most successful at
producing rural family physicians and general
practitioners of both genders.
Results: The number of listed rural female family
physician or general practitioner graduates among schools
ranged from 0-27 (0% to 4.4% of each school's 1988-1996
graduates). There were approximately twice as many male
as female rural family physicians and general
practitioners. Publicly funded schools produced more
rural female family physicians and general practitioners
than their privately funded counterparts.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that a few schools,
most of them public, may serve as models for schools that
aim to train women who later enter rural practice.