Frederick Chen, MD, MPH


Completed Projects - (3)

Future of Family Medicine and Implications for Primary Care Physician Supply
This project describes recent trends in medical student interest and national match rates in primary care and family medicine, the effect of increasing proportions of female physicians on rural practice patterns, and implications of declining interest in primary care on health and the health workforce.
Research center: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
Topics: Physicians, Workforce
Rural Family Medicine Residency Training Survey: Follow-up to 2000 Survey
National survey of family medicine residency training programs to quantify the amount and location of rural training. The survey also identified training that occurs in federally-qualified health centers.
Research center: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
Topics: Physicians, Workforce
Which Training Programs Produce Rural Physicians? A National Health Workforce Study
This national study is using comprehensive, longitudinal data on medical schools and residency location to determine the extent to which the nation's medical schools and residency programs vary in their production of rural physicians by specialty.
Research center: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
Topics: Physicians, Workforce

Publications - (9)

  • 2005 Physician Supply and Distribution in Rural Areas of the United States (Full Report)
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 11/2007
    This study describes the 2005 supply and distribution of physicians (including osteopathic physicians and international medical graduates) with particular emphasis on generalists in rural areas. Results indicate variability in the rural-urban distribution of physicians, with generalist physicians playing prominent roles in rural areas.
  • 2005 Physician Supply and Distribution in Rural Areas of the United States (Project Summary)
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 11/2007
    This study describes the 2005 supply and distribution of physicians (including osteopathic physicians and international medical graduates) with particular emphasis on generalists in rural areas. Results indicate variability in the rural-urban distribution of physicians, with generalist physicians playing prominent roles in rural areas.
  • Family Medicine Residency Training in Rural Areas: How Much is Taking Place, and Is It Enough to Prepare a Future Generation of Rural Family Physicians?
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 03/2002
    Determines how much rural family practice training is taking place in the United States. The report concludes that to the extent that there is a link between the place of training and future practice, the lack of rural training contributes to the shortage of rural physicians.
  • Family Medicine Residency Training in Rural Locations (Final Report)
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 07/2010
    Rural physician supply has remained relatively stable over the past decade, but its future is threatened by reduced medical student interest in family medicine careers and a declining residency match rate. This 2007 survey of all U.S. family medicine residency programs found that 33 rural programs accounted for over 80% of family medicine training occurring in rural sites, although some urban programs offer rural training tracks. Expansion of rural family medicine training is limited by Medicare graduate medical education funding caps on residency slots, financial hardships facing rural hospitals, and the challenges of creating residency training programs.
  • The Future of Family Medicine and Implications for Rural Primary Care Physician Supply (Final Report)
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 08/2010
    Examines the rural physician shortage, the effect of recent trends in specialty choice on provider supply, and major trends that are changing the dynamics that shape the delivery of health care.
  • Pathways to Rural Practice: A Chartbook of Family Medicine Residency Training Locations and Characteristics
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 08/2005
    Discusses characteristics and geographic locations of family medicine residency programs' rural locations, types of rural family medicine training by location, and rural mission of family medicine residencies.
  • The U.S. Rural Physician Workforce: Analysis of Medical School Graduates from 1988-1997
    Policy Brief
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 10/2008

    Despite continued federal and state efforts to increase the number of physicians in rural areas, disparities between the supply of rural and urban physicians persist. This paper describes the training of the rural physician workforce in the United States and examines the variations in medical school and residency production of rural physicians.

  • The U.S. Rural Physician Workforce: Analysis of Medical School Graduates from 1988-1997 (Final Report)
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 10/2008
    Despite continued federal and state efforts to increase the number of physicians in rural areas, disparities between the supply of rural and urban physicians persist. This paper describes the training of the rural physician workforce in the United States and examines the variations in medical school and residency production of rural physicians.
  • WWAMI Physician Workforce 2005
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2005
    Data on physician supply, demand, and need in the WWAMI region have not been routinely collected or reported. This report responds to a request by the University of Washington School of Medicine (UWSOM) Primary Care Steering Committee to examine the current supply and distribution of physicians in the WWAMI region. These data can help inform and guide the UWSOM in the production of physicians for the WWAMI region. The analysis utilizes the 2005 AMA Masterfile to determine the population-based supply of physicians at the state and county level, analyzed by the discipline of physician, and whether they had graduated from, or trained at the University of Washington, which is the only medical school for the five-state WWAMI region. The emphasis on primary care is important as over one-third of the WWAMI population lives in rural areas and tends to be medically underserved, relying on primary care physicians for the majority of their medical needs.