Health Insurance Coverage of Low-Income Rural Children Increases and Is More Continuous Following CHIP Implementation


Reports that prior to the passage of the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), about one in four low-income rural and urban children (family income below 200% of the federal poverty level) were uninsured in a given month. Using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, this study found that in the years following CHIP's implementation health insurance coverage and continuity increased among low-income children, particularly for those living in rural areas. By CHIP's maturity, coverage for rural children improved so much that their uninsured rate dropped below that of urban children (14% compared to 20%, respectively).

Maine Rural Health Research Center
Erika Ziller