Rural and Urban Primary Care Physicians' Colorectal Screening Performance
Additional research is warranted to further understand the roles of primary care physicians in assuring that their patients receive recommended colorectal cancer screenings, especially considering that primary care physicians (particularly family physicians) are the predominant clinicians in rural America. Family physicians can provide endoscopy services themselves as opposed to referring patients to other specialists, such as gastroenterologists, but these numbers are low (<5% overall). Our prior research found that the percentage of rural family physicians doing colonoscopy (6% to 4%) and endoscopy (6% to 3%) both declined from 2014 to 2016, further threatening rural access to screening.
The objectives of this project were to profile, compare, and further understand rural versus urban differences in colorectal screening performance among primary care physicians nationally. To address these issues, we analyzed data from the American Board of Family Medicine's PRIME Registry, which captures electronic health record data from more than 2,500 clinicians in approximately 800 practices located in 47 states caring for 5.4 million patients. PRIME practices are disproportionately rural, small, and independent compared to all U.S. primary care practices.
Colorectal Cancer Screening in Rural and Urban Primary Care Practices Amid Implementation of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act
Rural and Underserved Health Research Center
This study examined whether colorectal cancer screening rates improved among rural and urban primary care practices amid implementation of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act. Researchers tested for rural/urban differences and changes in screening rates between 2016 and 2020.