Variations in Travel Burdens Associated with Access to Care Between Rural and Urban Residents

Research center:
Lead researcher:
Project funded:
September 2019
Project completed:
July 2021

Access to healthcare is essential in maintaining overall health, managing conditions, and preventing disease. One important component of measuring access to health services is to account for geographic, or place-based factors. The travel distance and travel time to medical or dental care can create barriers to health services and impact health status and the equitable provision of health services to all Americans.

Building on analyses from the early to mid-2000s of travel behaviors of urban and rural U.S. residents, this project utilized the 2017 National Household Travel Survey to aid in the development of local, state, and national policies aimed at decreasing travel burden and increasing equitable access to healthcare.