The Impact of Emergency Telemedicine on Timeliness, Process of Care, and Clinical Outcomes in Rural North Dakota Trauma Care

Research center:
Rural Telehealth Research Center
Phone: 319.384.3830
Project funded:
September 2015
Project completed:
September 2016

This project was a comparative effectiveness study of North Dakota trauma patients to measure the impact of telemedicine-enabled emergency care between 2008-2014 on: 1) time to arrival at definitive care; 2) diagnostic imaging performed in rural hospitals; 3) probability of transfer to tertiary trauma center; and 4) survival. Analyses indicated that emergency department telemedicine was used for more severely injured rural trauma patients and also decreased rural emergency department length of stay for transferred trauma patients. This research measured the effectiveness of telemedicine to influence rural trauma care in a real-world application.