Lung Diseases Among Coal Miners
Coal mining is considered one of the most dangerous and hazardous occupations worldwide. In the U.S., rates of fatal and non-fatal injuries are substantially higher among coal miners as compared to those working in private jobs. Coal miners are at increased risk of both restrictive and obstructive lung diseases such as coal worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP), progressive massive fibrosis (PMF), rapidly progressive pneumoconiosis (RPP), and COPD. Using the Medicare administrative claims data, Kentucky (KY) Medicaid claims data, and the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), we seek to determine factors related to respiratory health effects among miners and non-miners, assess and compare health care utilization among patients with and without CWP across regions, and map health care utilization of CWP and other lung diseases relative to HRSA-funded Black Lung Clinics. The rate of utilization of these health services is unknown.
The Prevalence of Chronic Diseases Among Current and Ex-Miners in the United States
Rural and Underserved Health Research Center
This paper compares the prevalence and odds of chronic diseases among ex-miners and current miners, adjusting for certain variables that might influence health outcomes. The analysis found that the prevalence of chronic disease is significantly higher among ex-miners.