North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center

Current Projects

  • Characteristics of Rural Hospitals at High Risk of Financial Distress
    Updates the Financial Distress Index Model with current hospital and market data. Evaluates changes in risk status and geographic distribution over time. Conducts an in-depth analysis of high risk hospitals.
    Topics: Health insurance and the uninsured, Healthcare financing, Hospitals and clinics
  • Hospital Readmission Following Care in a Swing Bed
    This study builds on our portfolio of swing bed work by examining the rate of hospital readmission for patients who receive post-acute care in swing beds compared to skilled nursing facilities and will inform the discussion on use, cost, and benefit of swing bed care.
    Topics: Hospitals and clinics, Medicare, Medicare Prospective Payment System (PPS), Quality
  • How Do Costs for Rural Medicare Beneficiaries Using Swing Beds Compare to Those Using Skilled Nursing Facilities?
    This study will estimate and compare total Medicare expenditures for episodes of care that include post-acute stays in either swing beds or skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). Results will inform federal and state agencies, rural providers and communities as to how post-acute care in swing bed versus a SNF affects the trajectory of costs and utilization for rural Medicare beneficiaries.
    Topics: Long term care, Medicare
  • How Rural Communities Respond and Recover after a Hospital Closure
    Current rates of rural hospital closures are the highest seen in the last few decades. What can we learn from the experiences of communities experiencing hospital closures?
    Topics: Hospitals and clinics, Workforce
  • Post-Acute Care for Rural Medicare Beneficiaries
    This project will describe the variation in the volume, mix and financial importance of post-acute services to rural hospitals; identify hospital and community characteristics associated with variation in post-acute services provided by rural hospitals; and determine where rural Medicare beneficiaries receive post-acute services.
    Topics: Hospitals and clinics, Long term care
  • The Financial and Community Experience of Sole Community Hospitals in Comparison to Other Rural Hospitals
    This research will investigate the financial and community experience of SCHs in comparison with other rural hospitals. The availability of alternative facilities, and the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of SCH service areas will be compared to other rural hospital service areas.
    Topics: Hospitals and clinics, Medicare, Medicare Prospective Payment System (PPS), Rural statistics and demographics