Rural and Underserved Health Research Center
Barriers and Disparities Associated with Pneumococcal Immunization among Rural Elderly Adults
Our Center will conduct analyses of national survey data and unique insurance claims data sets to identify how rurality of residence and key demographic, social, and economic characteristics serve as barriers or facilitators to vaccination against pneumococcal disease, which is relatively common although largely preventable among older Americans.
Topics: Health disparities, Health promotion and disease prevention
Exploring the Impact of Rural Hospital Closures on use of Emergency Medical Services
Using a unique national database, The Enterprise Data Trust, we will explore pre- and post-closure hospital emergency department use with specific emphasis on those who used public emergency medical transportation, testing for significant changes. This study will be the first to look at the impacts of rural hospital closure at the patient level.
Topics: Emergency medical services (EMS), Health disparities, Health services
The Impact of Medicaid Expansion on Rural/Urban Variations in Access to Substance Use Treatment
Research indicates that substance use treatment access is insufficient in rural areas. We will make use of our rare access to restricted use NSDUH data to offer new insights about the impact of Medicaid expansion on access to substance abuse treatment among individuals with substance abuse disorders, analyzing 13 years (2004-2016).
Topics: Health disparities, Health services, Substance abuse
Variation in Scope of Practice and Medical Services Available at Family Physician Practices within Rural Areas
Using data collected during recertification of family physicians by the American Board of Family Medicine, we will examine variation in the scope of practice of family physicians and services available in the primary practice site by degree of rurality and within rural categories by community-level deprivation, as well as variation by PCMH status.
Topics: Health disparities, Health services, Physicians