Jean Talbot, PhD, MPH

Maine Rural Health Research Center

Phone: 207.228.8480
Fax: 207.228.8138
Email: jean.talbot@maine.edu

University of Southern Maine
PO Box 9300
34 Bedford Street
Portland, ME 04104-9300


Current Projects - (2)

  • Impact of the Opioid Crisis on Rural Emergency Departments
    This study will use data from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample and information from a panel of rural emergency care experts to assess the impact of the opioid crisis on rural emergency departments. Findings will inform policies designed to help rural healthcare systems and communities address the growing problem of opioid abuse.
    Research center: Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Emergency medical services and trauma, Mental and behavioral health, Substance use and treatment
  • Understanding Differences in Rural and Urban Adolescent and Young Adult Substance Use
    Using National Survey of Drug Use and Health data, we’ll examine rural-urban adolescent/young adult substance use differences. While substance use has declined among all adolescents in recent years, it’s unclear whether the trends apply to rural adolescents/young adults who have historically higher substance use rates than their urban counterparts.
    Research center: Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Topic: Substance use and treatment

Completed Projects - (3)

  • Adverse Childhood Experiences and the Health Status of Rural Residents
    The proposed project will (1) assess the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in rural populations and (2) examine associations of ACEs with health outcomes in rural versus urban settings.
    Research center: Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Topic: Children and adolescents
  • Rural Demography and Aging: The LTSS Imperative in Rural America
    The proposed project aims to create a current, broad-ranging, detailed profile of healthcare/LTSS needs and use patterns among rural and urban older adults through a literature review and analysis of data sets including the American Community Survey, the Area Health Resource File, and the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey.
    Research center: Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Topics: Aging, Rural statistics and demographics
  • Rural Mental Health First Aid Evaluation
    This project is a mixed-methods case study that focuses on the Mental Health First Aid training program, with a view toward clarifying the rural reach, feasibility, impact, and appropriateness of the program for rural communities.
    Research center: Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Topic: Mental and behavioral health

Publications - (6)

  • Adverse Childhood Experiences in Rural and Urban Contexts
    Policy Brief
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 04/2016
    This study was designed to address the gap in the literature examining rural-urban differences in adults’ exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and to inform health system initiatives geared toward mitigating the impacts of ACEs on rural populations.
  • Implications of Rural Residence and Single Mother Status for Maternal Smoking Behaviors
    Policy Brief
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 11/2015
    This study finds rural mothers are more likely than urban mothers to smoke. The authors suggest policymakers consider extending insurance for smoking cessation programs through the Affordable Care Act and Medicaid. Programs at the local, state, and national levels also could help reduce disparities in smoking-related morbidity and mortality.
  • Implications of Rurality and Psychiatric Status for Diabetic Preventive Care Use among Adults with Diabetes
    Policy Brief
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2014
    This brief examines patterns of diabetic preventive care use among adults with diabetes to determine whether these patterns vary according to respondents’ rural/urban residence or the presence/absence of a mental health diagnosis.
  • Mental Health First Aid in Rural Communities: Appropriateness & Outcomes
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 01/2016
    Examines Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) appropriateness and impacts in rural areas by using a mixed-methods approach to study MHFA trainings conducted from November 2012 through September 2013 in rural communities across the country.
  • Mental Health First Aid in Rural Communities: Appropriateness and Outcomes
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 01/2016
    Mental Health First Aid (MHFA), an early intervention training program for general audiences, has been promoted as a means for improving population-level behavioral health in rural communities by encouraging treatment-seeking. This study examined MHFA's appropriateness and impacts in rural contexts.
  • Residential Settings and Healthcare Use of the Rural "Oldest-Old" Medicare Population
    Policy Brief
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 03/2018
    This study used Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey data to profile rural/urban Medicare beneficiaries ages 85 & older. Rural adults in this age group are more likely to be disabled and live alone in the community or in nursing homes and less likely to live in assisted living facilities. Findings highlight rural needs for community-based services.