Jean Talbot, PhD, MPH

Maine Rural Health Research Center

Phone: 207.228.8480
Fax: 207.228.8138
Email: jean.talbot@maine.edu

University of Southern Maine
PO Box 9300
34 Bedford Street
Portland, ME 04104-9300


Current Projects - (2)

Impact of the Opioid Crisis on Rural Emergency Departments
This study will use data from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample and information from a panel of rural emergency care experts to assess the impact of the opioid crisis on rural emergency departments. Findings will inform policies designed to help rural healthcare systems and communities address the growing problem of opioid abuse.
Research center: Maine Rural Health Research Center
Topics: Emergency medical services (EMS), Mental health, Substance abuse
Rural Demography and Aging: The LTSS Imperative in Rural America
The proposed project aims to create a current, broad-ranging, detailed profile of health care/LTSS needs and use patterns among rural and urban older adults through a literature review and analysis of data sets including the American Community Survey, the Area Health Resource File, and the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey.
Research center: Maine Rural Health Research Center
Topics: Aging, Rural statistics and demographics

Completed Projects - (1)

Adverse Childhood Experiences and the Health Status of Rural Residents
The proposed project will (1) assess the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in rural populations and (2) examine associations of ACEs with health outcomes in rural versus urban settings.
Research center: Maine Rural Health Research Center
Topic: Children

Publications - (5)

  • Adverse Childhood Experiences in Rural and Urban Contexts
    Policy Brief
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 04/2016
    This study was designed to address the gap in the literature examining rural-urban differences in adults’ exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and to inform health system initiatives geared toward mitigating the impacts of ACEs on rural populations.
  • Implications of Rural Residence and Single Mother Status for Maternal Smoking Behaviors
    Policy Brief
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 11/2015
    Findings from this study indicate that rural mothers are significantly more likely than their urban counterparts to be smokers, smoke frequently, and smoke heavily, even after adjusting for factors known to increase smoking risk. The authors suggest that policymakers consider methods for extending insurance coverage for smoking cessation interventions through the Affordable Care Act and Medicaid. Additionally, anti-smoking initiatives at the local, state, and national levels could play an important role in decreasing rural-urban disparities in smoking-related morbidity and mortality.
  • Implications of Rurality and Psychiatric Status for Diabetic Preventive Care Use among Adults with Diabetes
    Policy Brief
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 05/2014
    Examines patterns of diabetic preventive care use among adults with diabetes to determine whether these patterns vary according to respondents’ rural/urban residence or psychiatric status (i.e. the presence/absence of a mental health diagnosis).
  • Mental Health First Aid in Rural Communities: Appropriateness & Outcomes
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 01/2016
    Examines Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) appropriateness and impacts in rural areas by using a mixed-methods approach to study MHFA trainings conducted from November 2012 through September 2013 in rural communities across the country.
  • Mental Health First Aid in Rural Communities: Appropriateness and Outcomes
    Maine Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 01/2017
    Mental Health First Aid (MHFA), an early intervention training program for general audiences, has been promoted as a means for improving population-level behavioral health in rural communities by encouraging treatment-seeking. This study examined MHFA's appropriateness and impacts in rural contexts.