J. Elizabeth Jackson, PhD

Department of Family Medicine
University of Washington
Seattle, WA


Publications - (10)

  • A National Study of Lifetime Asthma Prevalence and Trends in Metro and Non-Metro Counties, 2000-2003 (Project Summary)
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 01/2007
    Brief overview of findings of a study of the prevalence of and recent trends in asthma among adults residing in metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties in the United States. A full report is also available.
  • A National Study of Obesity Prevalence and Trends by Type of Rural County
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 2005
    Analyzes data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for 1994-1996 and 2000-2001 to estimate the recent trends in obesity among U.S. adults residing in rural locations. In 2000-2001 the prevalence of obesity was 23.0% for rural adults and 20.5% for urban, representing increases of 4.8% and 5.5%, respectively, since 1994-1996.
  • Obesity Prevalence In Rural Counties: A National Study
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 01/2004
    Using a telephone survey of adults aged 18 and older residing in states participating in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in 1994-96 and 2000-2001, researchers found that the prevalence of obesity was 23 percent for rural adults and 20.5 percent for urban adults.
  • Persistent Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) and Health Care Access in Rural America
    Policy Brief
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 09/2009

    Resources are needed to increase and sustain the number of primary care providers and reduce financial barriers to care in all rural primary care HPSAs.

  • Prevalence And Trends In Smoking: A National Rural Study
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 2006
    Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, the prevalence of smoking between 1994-1996 and 2000-2001 did not change substantially for the United States as a whole. The prevalence of smoking for rural residents decreased by more than 2 percent in six states. However, it increased by 2 percent or more in ten states.
  • Problem Drinking: Rural and Urban Trends in America, 1995/1997 to 2003
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 03/2006
    Assesses the prevalence of, and recent trends in, alcohol use among adults 18 years and older in rural areas of the United States. The paper finds that heavy drinking was highest and increasing in urban areas, but that binge drinking was greater in rural areas. It recommends tailoring interventions specifically to meet the needs of rural residents.
  • Trends in Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening Practices Among Women in Rural and Urban Areas of the United States
    Policy Brief
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 08/2008

    Documents the receipt of timely breast and cervical cancer screening using a rural-urban classification system and nationally representative data.

  • Trends in Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening Practices Among Women in Rural and Urban Areas of the United States (Final Report)
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 08/2008
    Reports on trends in breast cancer screening practices. Participation in mammography improved nationally, but women living in rural locations remained less likely to receive this test than those living in urban settings.
  • Trends in Professional Advice to Lose Weight Among Obese Adults, 1994-2000
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 2005
    The authors studied whether rising obesity prevalence in the U.S. was accompanied by an increasing trend in professional advice to lose weight among obese adults, and found that disparities in professional advice to lose weight associated with income and educational attainment increased from 1994 to 2000. They concluded that there is a need for mechanisms that allow health care professionals to devote sufficient attention to weight control and to link with evidence-based weight loss interventions, especially those that target groups most at risk for obesity
  • Variability in General Surgical Procedures in Rural and Urban U.S. Hospital Inpatient Settings
    Report
    WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 03/2015

    This report addresses rural/urban differences in surgical practices in commonly performed inpatient surgical procedures that are typically handled by general surgeons. National Inpatient Sample data from rural and urban hospitals in 24 states were used to examine the frequency of general surgical procedures, complications during hospitalizations and predicted resource demand. Findings indicate that rural hospitals concentrated on relatively common, low complexity procedures that can be handled by general surgeons, especially if they have received additional training in obstetrics/gynecology and orthopedics. Resource demand, length of stay, complication rates and mortality were lower for patients undergoing common procedures in rural hospitals. Rural training tracks for general surgery that provide a high case load for common general surgery, obstetrics/gynecology and orthopedics procedures may help sustain the general surgery workforce in rural areas.