Indira Richardson


Completed Projects - (1)

Critical Access Hospital Conversion Tracking
Information regarding new CAH conversions will be gathered from Flex coordinators and CMS, and added to the CAH management information dataset that is housed at UNC. Flex coordinators will also be queried regarding topics of interest to the coordinators, the monitoring team, and the federal Office of Rural Health Policy.
Research center: North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center
Topic: Critical Access Hospitals and Rural Hospital Flexibility Program

Publications - (10)

  • The Key Role of Sole Community Pharmacists in Their Local Healthcare Delivery Systems
    North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center
    Date: 03/2009
    This findings brief presents findings from a 2008 survey of 401 community pharmacists that are the only retail provider in their community to document their extended relationships with other health care providers and the additional health care services these pharmacists provide to their patients. Pharmacist-owners in independent pharmacies located at least 10 miles from the next closest retail pharmacy were interviewed to determine the presence in their community of other types of health care organizations that require pharmaceutical support(such as hospitals, long-term care facilities, hospice providers, home health agencies and community health centers), their level of involvement with those facilities, and the types of clinical services (other than dispensing and counseling) the pharmacists offered to their own patients.
  • Medicare Beneficiaries' Access to Pharmacy Services in Small Rural Towns: Implications of Contracting Patterns of Sole Community Pharmacies with Part D Plans
    North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center
    Date: 01/2009
    Describes the contracting patterns of sole rural community pharmacies to assess the extent to which each pharmacy contracts with the most commonly used PDPs available in their state.
  • One Year In: Sole Community Rural Independent Pharmacies and Medicare Part D (Final Report)
    North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
    Date: 09/2007
    Describes the experiences of 51 rural independently-owned pharmacies that are the sole providers of pharmacy services in their community one year after implementation of the Medicare Part D prescription drug benefit. A findings brief is also available. Funded by the Office of Rural Health Policy: Cooperative Agreement for Rapid Response to Issue-Specific Rural Research
  • One Year In: Sole Community Rural Independent Pharmacies and Medicare Part D (Findings Brief)
    North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
    Date: 10/2007
    Describes the experiences of 51 rural independently-owned pharmacies that are the sole providers of pharmacy services in their community one year after implementation of the Medicare Part D prescription drug benefit. A final report is also available. Funded by the Office of Rural Health Policy: Cooperative Agreement for Rapid Response to Issue-Specific Rural Research
  • Profile of Sole Community Pharmacists' Prescription Sales and Overall Financial Position
    Rapid Response to Requests for Rural Data Analysis
    Date: 08/2009
    Sole community independent pharmacists provide essential services to residents of small towns and isolated communities. In an effort to document the role sole community pharmacies play in their local health care system and to monitor their financial and operational status we conducted a survey in 2008 of 401 community pharmacists that owned the only retail outlet in their community. Pharmacist-owners in independent pharmacies located at least 10 miles from the next closest retail pharmacy were interviewed to determine their reliance on prescription sales and to understand their store's current financial position.
  • A Rural-Urban Comparison of Allied Health Average Hourly Wages
    North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center
    Date: 01/2009
    This report uses data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics to describe the extent to which rural-urban differentials exist in wages for eleven allied health professions, focusing on professions that are both likely to be found in rural communities and have adequate data to support hourly wage estimates.
  • Sole Community Pharmacies and Part D Participation: Implications for Rural Residents (Findings Brief)
    North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center
    Date: 02/2009
    This findings brief describes the contracting rates of sole rural community pharmacies in 16 states to assess the extent to which each pharmacy contracts with the most commonly used PDPs available in their state.
  • The State Flex Program at 10 Years: Strengthening Critical Access Hospitals and Rural Communities
    Maine Rural Health Research Center, North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 04/2007
    To understand the priorities and accomplishments of state Flex Grant Programs, members of the Flex Monitoring Team asked Flex Coordinators to identify and discuss their states' three most successful initiatives in the past two years. Interviews were conducted during February 2007 with Flex Coordinators and State Office of Rural Health staff (SORH) in all 45 states. The listed publication is a policy brief; the full report will be available in the fall of 2007. Report produced by the Flex Monitoring Project, funded by the Office of Rural Health Policy.
  • State Initiatives Funded by the Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility Grant Program
    Maine Rural Health Research Center, North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
    Date: 10/2007
    Explores activities funded by the Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility Program (Flex Program) to strengthen the rural health care infrastructure and discusses which activities were considered most successful by State Flex Coordinators. Report produced by the Flex Monitoring Project, funded by the Office of Rural Health Policy.
  • Workforce Issues Among Sole Community Pharmacies
    North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
    Date: 07/2009
    Pharmacy services are delivered through a sole community pharmacy in over 1000 small rural communities nationwide. This brief presents the findings from 401 telephone interviews of sole community pharmacist-owners nationwide about their current staffing and future plans. Thirty-three percent of those interviewed have one or fewer pharmacist FTEs on staff. Thirty percent of those interviewed would like to retire in five years or fewer, and most would like to sell their pharmacies upon retirement. This brief explores the shared experiences of sole community pharmacist-owners regarding the challenges facing the pharmacy workforce in their communities and their concerns about their pharmacy's future.