An Analysis of Medicare's Incentive Payment Program for Physicians in Health Professional Shortage Areas

Journal of Rural Health

The Medicare Incentive Payment (MIP) program provides a 10 percent bonus payment to physicians who treat patients in Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs). This paper examines the experience of five states (Alaska, Idaho, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Washington) with the Medicare Incentive Payment (MIP) program. This study determines the program's expenditures, utilizations, and which types of physicians received payments. Results show that physicians eligible for the bonus payments often did not claim them, and physicians who likely did not work in approved HPSA sites, claimed the bonus payments and received them.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
Leighton Chan, Gary Hart, Thomas Ricketts III, Shelli Beaver