Research Alert: November 2, 2022
Over the past decade, health insurance coverage has changed in major ways in rural areas, with shifts towards public and publicly subsidized coverage among the nonelderly – Medicaid, Marketplace plans – and a shift towards Medicare Advantage among those eligible for Medicare. This chartbook covers findings on overall coverage (insured and uninsured rates), employer sponsored insurance, marketplace coverage, and Medicare and Medicaid coverage. The demographic and economic characteristics of rural persons and their coverage rates are described, as well as how coverage impacts health status, access to care, and costs.
- Uninsured rates were higher in non-metropolitan areas (13.3 percent) than in metropolitan areas (10.8 percent) for the population younger than age 65, in 2019.
- Between 2010 and 2019, the overall uninsured rate fell substantially in both non-metropolitan and metropolitan areas.
- In both metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas, people of color had higher rates of uninsurance than non-Hispanic White persons, a gap which has persisted despite some gains in coverage for racial/ethnic minorities since the implementation of the Affordable Care Act.
Timothy D. McBride, MS, PhD
RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
Additional Resources of Interest:
- Health Insurance Marketplaces: Issuer Participation Trends in Non-Metropolitan Places, 2014-22
- Medicare Advantage Enrollment Update 2021
- Sources of Insurance Coverage in Nonmetropolitan Areas: The Role of Public and Private Insurance Since 2009
- More information about the RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
- More information from the Rural Health Information Hub's topic guides: Healthcare Access, Rural Health Policy, Social Determinants of Health